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    Marshall Islands Index 2006

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    Marshall Islands Geography - 2006

      Oceania, two archipelagic island chains of 29 atolls, each made up of many small islets, and five single islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia

      Geographic coordinates:
      9 00 N, 168 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 11,854.3 sq km
      land: 181.3 sq km
      water: 11,673 sq km (note - lagoon waters)
      note: includes the atolls of Bikini, Enewetak, Kwajalein, Majuro, Rongelap, and Utirik

      Area - comparative:
      about the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      370.4 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

      tropical; hot and humid; wet season May to November; islands border typhoon belt

      low coral limestone and sand islands

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location on Likiep 10 m

      Natural resources:
      coconut products, marine products, deep seabed minerals

      Land use:
      arable land: 11.11%
      permanent crops: 44.44%
      other: 44.45% (2005)

      Irrigated land:
      0 sq km

      Natural hazards:
      infrequent typhoons

      Environment - current issues:
      inadequate supplies of potable water; pollution of Majuro lagoon from household waste and discharges from fishing vessels

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      Bikini and Enewetak are former US nuclear test sites; Kwajalein, the famous World War II battleground, is used as a US missile test range; island city of Ebeye is the second largest settlement in the Marshall Islands, after the capital of Majuro, and one of the most densely populated locations in the Pacific

      NOTE: The information regarding Marshall Islands on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Marshall Islands Geography 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Marshall Islands Geography 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Jun-06
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