Support Our Sponsor
. . Flags of the World Maps of All Countries

  • |SEARCH|
  • |Main INDEX|
  • 2006 INDEX
  • Country Ranks
  • DEFINITIONS

    Syria Index 2006

    Syria Main Index


    . Feedback
  • geographic.org Home PageCountry Index

    Syria Government - 2006
    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/syria/syria_government.html
    SOURCE: 2006 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Syrian Arab Republic
      conventional short form: Syria
      local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Arabiyah as Suriyah
      local short form: Suriyah
      former: United Arab Republic (with Egypt)

      Government type:
      republic under an authoritarian, military-dominated regime since March 1963

      Capital:
      Damascus

      Administrative divisions:
      14 provinces (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Hasakah, Al Ladhiqiyah, Al Qunaytirah, Ar Raqqah, As Suwayda', Dar'a, Dayr az Zawr, Dimashq, Halab, Hamah, Hims, Idlib, Rif Dimashq, Tartus

      Independence:
      17 April 1946 (from League of Nations mandate under French administration)

      National holiday:
      Independence Day, 17 April (1946)

      Constitution:
      13 March 1973

      Legal system:
      based on a combination of French and Ottoman civil law; religious law is used in the family court system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President Bashar al-ASAD (since 17 July 2000); Vice President Farouk al-SHARA (since 11 February 2006)
      head of government: Prime Minister Muhammad Naji al-UTRI (since 10 September 2003); Deputy Prime Minister Abdallah al-DARDARI (since 14 June 2005)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
      elections: president approved by popular referendum for a seven-year term; referendum last held 10 July 2000 - after the death of President Hafiz al-ASAD, father of Bashar al-ASAD - (next to be held 2007); vice president appointed by the president; prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the president
      election results: Bashar al-ASAD approved as president; percent of vote - Bashar al-ASAD 97.29%
      note: Hafiz al-ASAD died on 10 June 2000; on 20 June, the Ba'th Party nominated Bashar al-ASAD for president and presented his name to the People's Council on 25 June; he was approved by a popular referendum on 10 July

      Legislative branch:
      unicameral People's Council or Majlis al-Shaab (250 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 2-3 March 2003 (next to be held NA 2007)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NPF 67%, independents 33%; seats by party - NPF 167, independents 83; note - the constitution guarantees that the Ba'th Party (part of the NPF alliance) receives one-half of the seats

      Judicial branch:
      Supreme Constitutional Court (adjudicates electoral disputes and rules on constitutionality of laws and decrees; justices appointed for four-year terms by the President); High Judicial Council (appoints and dismisses judges; headed by the President); Court of Cassation (national level); State Security Courts (hear cases related to national security); Personal Status Courts (religious; hear cases related to marriage and divorce); Courts of First Instance (local level; include magistrate, summary, and peace courts)

      Political parties and leaders:
      Arab Socialist Unionist Movement [Ahmed al-AHMED]; National Progressive Front or NPF (includes Arab Socialist Renaissance (Ba'th) Party; the governing party) [President Bashar al-ASAD, secretary general]; Socialist Unionist Democratic Party [Fadlallal Nasr Al-DIN]; Syrian Arab Socialist Party or ASP [Safwan QUDSI]; Syrian Communist Party (two branches) [Wissal Farha BAKDASH, Yuusuf Rashid FAYSAL]; Syrian Social National Party [Jubran URAYJI]; Unionist Socialist Party [Fayez ISMAIL]

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      Kurdish Democratic Alliance (includes several groups but has no designated leader); Kurdish Democratic Front (includes several groups but has no designated leader); Muslim Brotherhood (operates in exile in London) [Sadr al-Din al-BAYANUNI]; National Democratic Front [Hassan Abd al-AZIM]

      International organization participation:
      ABEDA, AFESD, AMF, CAEU, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNRWA, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Imad MUSTAFA
      chancery: 2215 Wyoming Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 232-6313
      FAX: [1] (202) 234-9548

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Margaret SCOBEY
      embassy: Abou Roumaneh, Al-Mansur Street, No. 2, Damascus
      mailing address: P. O. Box 29, Damascus
      telephone: [963] (11) 333-1342
      FAX: [963] (11) 224-7938

      Flag description:
      three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black, colors associated with the Arab Liberation flag; two small green five-pointed stars in a horizontal line centered in the white band; former flag of the United Arab Republic where the two stars represented the constituent states of Syria and Egypt; similar to the flag of Yemen, which has a plain white band, Iraq, which has three green stars (plus an Arabic inscription) in a horizontal line centered in the white band, and that of Egypt, which has a gold Eagle of Saladin centered in the white band; the current design dates to 1980


      NOTE: The information regarding Syria on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Syria Government 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Syria Government 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

    Support Our Sponsor

    Support Our Sponsor

    Please ADD this page to your FAVORITES - - - - -


    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/syria/syria_government.html

    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    CTR060106