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    Uganda Index 2006

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    Uganda Economy - 2006
    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/uganda/uganda_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2006 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, and sizable mineral deposits of copper and cobalt. Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing over 80% of the work force. Coffee accounts for the bulk of export revenues. Since 1986, the government - with the support of foreign countries and international agencies - has acted to rehabilitate and stabilize the economy by undertaking currency reform, raising producer prices on export crops, increasing prices of petroleum products, and improving civil service wages. The policy changes are especially aimed at dampening inflation and boosting production and export earnings. During 1990-2001, the economy turned in a solid performance based on continued investment in the rehabilitation of infrastructure, improved incentives for production and exports, reduced inflation, gradually improved domestic security, and the return of exiled Indian-Ugandan entrepreneurs. In 2000, Uganda qualified for enhanced Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) debt relief worth $1.3 billion and Paris Club debt relief worth $145 million. These amounts combined with the original HIPC debt relief added up to about $2 billion. Growth for 2001-02 was solid despite continued decline in the price of coffee, Uganda's principal export. Growth in 2003-05 reflected an upturn in Uganda's export markets.

      GDP (purchasing power parity):
      $46.06 billion (2005 est.)

      GDP (official exchange rate):
      $8.282 billion (2005 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      9% (2005 est.)

      GDP - per capita (PPP):
      $1,700 (2005 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 31.1%
      industry: 22.2%
      services: 46.9% (2004 est.)

      Labor force:
      13.17 million (2005 est.)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture: 82%
      industry: 5%
      services: 13% (1999 est.)

      Unemployment rate:
      NA%

      Population below poverty line:
      35% (2001 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 4%
      highest 10%: 21% (2000)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      43 (1999)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      9.7% (2005 est.)

      Investment (gross fixed):
      23.4% of GDP (2005 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $1.845 billion
      expenditures: $1.904 billion; including capital expenditures of $NA (2005 est.)

      Public debt:
      62.8% of GDP (2005 est.)

      Agriculture - products:
      coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), potatoes, corn, millet, pulses, cut flowers; beef, goat meat, milk, poultry

      Industries:
      sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles; cement, steel production

      Industrial production growth rate:
      9% (2005 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      1.729 billion kWh (2003)

      Electricity - consumption:
      1.448 billion kWh (2003)

      Electricity - exports:
      160 million kWh (2003)

      Electricity - imports:
      0 kWh (2003)

      Oil - production:
      0 bbl/day (2003 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      10,000 bbl/day (2003 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA bbl/day

      Oil - imports:
      NA bbl/day

      Natural gas - production:
      0 cu m (2003 est.)

      Natural gas - consumption:
      0 cu m (2003 est.)

      Current account balance:
      -$339 million (2005 est.)

      Exports:
      $768 million f.o.b. (2005 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      coffee, fish and fish products, tea, cotton, flowers, horticultural products; gold

      Exports - partners:
      Kenya 15.4%, Netherlands 11%, Belgium 9.3%, France 4.5%, Germany 4.5%, Rwanda 4.1%, US 4% (2004)

      Imports:
      $1.608 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      capital equipment, vehicles, petroleum, medical supplies; cereals

      Imports - partners:
      Kenya 32.3%, UAE 7.3%, South Africa 6.5%, India 5.8%, China 5.6%, UK 5%, US 4.8%, Japan 4.8% (2004)

      Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
      $1.45 billion (2005 est.)

      Debt - external:
      $4.949 billion (2005 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $959 million (2003)

      Currency (code):
      Ugandan shilling (UGX)

      Exchange rates:
      Ugandan shillings per US dollar - 1,780.7 (2005), 1,810.3 (2004), 1,963.7 (2003), 1,797.6 (2002), 1,755.7 (2001)

      Fiscal year:
      1 July - 30 June


      NOTE: The information regarding Uganda on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Uganda Economy 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Uganda Economy 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/uganda/uganda_economy.html

    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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