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    United States Index 2006

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    United States Economy - 2006
    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/united_states/united_states_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2006 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      The US has the largest and most technologically powerful economy in the world, with a per capita GDP of $42,000. In this market-oriented economy, private individuals and business firms make most of the decisions, and the federal and state governments buy needed goods and services predominantly in the private marketplace. US business firms enjoy greater flexibility than their counterparts in Western Europe and Japan in decisions to expand capital plant, to lay off surplus workers, and to develop new products. At the same time, they face higher barriers to enter their rivals' home markets than foreign firms face entering US markets. US firms are at or near the forefront in technological advances, especially in computers and in medical, aerospace, and military equipment; their advantage has narrowed since the end of World War II. The onrush of technology largely explains the gradual development of a "two-tier labor market" in which those at the bottom lack the education and the professional/technical skills of those at the top and, more and more, fail to get comparable pay raises, health insurance coverage, and other benefits. Since 1975, practically all the gains in household income have gone to the top 20% of households. The response to the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 showed the remarkable resilience of the economy. The war in March-April 2003 between a US-led coalition and Iraq, and the subsequent occupation of Iraq, required major shifts in national resources to the military. The rise in GDP in 2004 and 2005 was undergirded by substantial gains in labor productivity. Hurricane Katrina caused extensive damage in the Gulf Coast region in August 2005, but had a small impact on overall GDP growth for the year. Soaring oil prices in 2005 and 2006 threatened inflation and unemployment, yet the economy continued to grow through mid-2006. Imported oil accounts for about two-thirds of US consumption. Long-term problems include inadequate investment in economic infrastructure, rapidly rising medical and pension costs of an aging population, sizable trade and budget deficits, and stagnation of family income in the lower economic groups.

      GDP (purchasing power parity):
      $12.41 trillion (2005 est.)

      GDP (official exchange rate):
      $12.47 trillion (2005 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      3.5% (2005 est.)

      GDP - per capita (PPP):
      $42,000 (2005 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 1%
      industry: 20.7%
      services: 78.3% (2005 est.)

      Labor force:
      149.3 million (includes unemployed) (2005 est.)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      farming, forestry, and fishing 0.7%, manufacturing, extraction, transportation, and crafts 22.9%, managerial, professional, and technical 34.7%, sales and office 25.4%, other services 16.3%
      note: figures exclude the unemployed (2005)

      Unemployment rate:
      5.1% (2005 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      12% (2004 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 1.8%
      highest 10%: 30.5% (1997)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      45 (2004)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      3.2% (2005 est.)

      Investment (gross fixed):
      16.8% of GDP (2005 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $2.119 trillion
      expenditures: $2.466 trillion; including capital expenditures of $NA (2005 est.)

      Public debt:
      64.7% of GDP (2005 est.)

      Agriculture - products:
      wheat, corn, other grains, fruits, vegetables, cotton; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish; forest products

      Industries:
      leading industrial power in the world, highly diversified and technologically advanced; petroleum, steel, motor vehicles, aerospace, telecommunications, chemicals, electronics, food processing, consumer goods, lumber, mining

      Industrial production growth rate:
      3.2% (2005 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      3.892 trillion kWh (2003)

      Electricity - consumption:
      3.656 trillion kWh (2003)

      Electricity - exports:
      23.97 billion kWh (2003)

      Electricity - imports:
      30.39 billion kWh (2003)

      Oil - production:
      7.61 million bbl/day (2005 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      20.03 million bbl/day (2003 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      1.048 million bbl/day (2004)

      Oil - imports:
      13.15 million bbl/day (2004)

      Oil - proved reserves:
      22.45 billion bbl (1 January 2002)

      Natural gas - production:
      539 billion cu m (2003 est.)

      Natural gas - consumption:
      633.6 billion cu m (2003 est.)

      Natural gas - exports:
      24.19 billion cu m (2004)

      Natural gas - imports:
      114.1 billion cu m (2004 est.)

      Natural gas - proved reserves:
      5.353 trillion cu m (1 January 2002)

      Current account balance:
      -$829.1 billion (2005 est.)

      Exports:
      $927.5 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      agricultural products (soybeans, fruit, corn) 9.2%, industrial supplies (organic chemicals) 26.8%, capital goods (transistors, aircraft, motor vehicle parts, computers, telecommunications equipment) 49.0%, consumer goods (automobiles, medicines) 15.0% (2003)

      Exports - partners:
      Canada 23%, Mexico 13.6%, Japan 6.7%, UK 4.4%, China 4.3% (2004)

      Imports:
      $1.727 trillion f.o.b. (2005 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      agricultural products 4.9%, industrial supplies 32.9% (crude oil 8.2%), capital goods 30.4% (computers, telecommunications equipment, motor vehicle parts, office machines, electric power machinery), consumer goods 31.8% (automobiles, clothing, medicines, furniture, toys) (2003)

      Imports - partners:
      Canada 17%, China 13.8%, Mexico 10.3%, Japan 8.7%, Germany 5.2% (2004)

      Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
      $86.94 billion (2004 est.)

      Debt - external:
      $8.837 trillion (30 June 2005 est.)

      Economic aid - donor:
      ODA, $6.9 billion (1997)

      Currency (code):
      US dollar (USD)

      Exchange rates:
      British pounds per US dollar - 0.5500 (2005), 0.5462 (2004), 0.6125 (2003), 0.6672 (2002), 0.6947 (2001); Canadian dollars per US dollar - 1.2118 (2005), 1.3010 (2004), 1.4011 (2003), 1.5693 (2002), 1.5488 (2001); Japanese yen per US dollar - 110.22 (2005), 108.19 (2004), 115.93 (2003), 125.39 (2002), 121.53 (2001); euros per US dollar - 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.8866 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001); Chinese yuan per US dollar - 8.1943 (2005), 8.2768 (2004), 8.2770 (2003), 8.2770 (2002), 8.2271 (2001)

      Fiscal year:
      1 October - 30 September


      NOTE: The information regarding United States on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of United States Economy 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about United States Economy 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/united_states/united_states_economy.html

    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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