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Albania Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/albania/albania_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















Albania Geography 2011
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 13, 2011

Location:
Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece in the south and Montenegro and Kosovo to the north

Geographic coordinates:
41 00 N, 20 00 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 28,748 sq km
country comparison to the world: 144
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 27,398 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,350 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Maryland

Land boundaries:
total: 717 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Greece 282 km, Macedonia 151 km, Montenegro 172 km, Kosovo 112 km

Coastline:
362 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate:
mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Maja e Korabit (Golem Korab) 2,764 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
petroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower

Land use:
arable land: 20.1%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 4.21%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 75.69% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
3,530 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
41.7 cu km (2001)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 1.71 cu km/yr (27%/11%/62%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 546 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
destructive earthquakes; tsunamis occur along southwestern coast; floods; drought

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution from industrial and domestic effluents

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
strategic location along Strait of Otranto (links Adriatic Sea to Ionian Sea and Mediterranean Sea)


NOTE: The information regarding Albania on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Albania Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Albania Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.






This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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