| COUNTRIES | GEOGRAPHIC NAMES | GEOLOGY | USA STATS | CHINA STATS | COUNTRY CODES | AIRPORTS | RELIGION | JOBS |

Azerbaijan Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/azerbaijan/azerbaijan_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese



Page last updated on January 12, 2011

Location:
Southwestern Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia, with a small European portion north of the Caucasus range

Geographic coordinates:
40 30 N, 47 30 E

Map references:
Middle East

Area:
total: 86,600 sq km
country comparison to the world: 112
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 82,629 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 3,971 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
note: includes the exclave of Naxcivan Autonomous Republic and the Nagorno-Karabakh region; the region's autonomy was abolished by Azerbaijani Supreme Soviet on 26 November 1991

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Maine

Land boundaries:
total: 2,013 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Armenia (with Azerbaijan-proper) 566 km, Armenia (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave) 221 km, Georgia 322 km, Iran (with Azerbaijan-proper) 432 km, Iran (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave) 179 km, Russia 284 km, Turkey 9 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked); note - Azerbaijan borders the Caspian Sea (713 km)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
dry, semiarid steppe
More Climate Details

Terrain:
large, flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi (Kura-Araks Lowland) (much of it below sea level) with Great Caucasus Mountains to the north, Qarabag Yaylasi (Karabakh Upland) in west; Baku lies on Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) that juts into Caspian Sea

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Bazarduzu Dagi 4,485 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, bauxite

Land use:
arable land: 20.62%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 2.61%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 76.77% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
14,550 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
30.3 cu km (1997)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 17.25 cu km/yr (5%/28%/68%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 2,051 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
droughts

Environment - current issues:
local scientists consider the Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) (including Baku and Sumqayit) and the Caspian Sea to be the ecologically most devastated area in the world because of severe air, soil, and water pollution; soil pollution results from oil spills, from the use of DDT pesticide, and from toxic defoliants used in the production of cotton

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
both the main area of the country and the Naxcivan exclave are landlocked


NOTE: The information regarding Azerbaijan on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Azerbaijan Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Azerbaijan Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



- Please bookmark this page (add it to your favorites).
- If you wish to link to this page, you can do so by referring to the URL address below this line.

https://theodora.com/wfb2011/azerbaijan/azerbaijan_geography.html


This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
Copyright © 1995-2011 ITA all rights reserved.