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Bangladesh Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/bangladesh/bangladesh_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 13, 2011

Location:
Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India

Geographic coordinates:
24 00 N, 90 00 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 143,998 sq km
country comparison to the world: 94
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 130,168 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 13,830 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Iowa

Land boundaries:
total: 4,246 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km

Coastline:
580 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 18 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin

Climate:
tropical; mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October)
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Keokradong 1,230 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
natural gas, arable land, timber, coal

Land use:
arable land: 55.39%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 3.08%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 41.53% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
47,250 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
1,210.6 cu km (1999)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 79.4 cu km/yr (3%/1%/96%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 560 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
droughts; cyclones; much of the country routinely inundated during the summer monsoon season

Environment - current issues:
many people are landless and forced to live on and cultivate flood-prone land; waterborne diseases prevalent in surface water; water pollution, especially of fishing areas, results from the use of commercial pesticides; ground water contaminated by naturally occurring arsenic; intermittent water shortages because of falling water tables in the northern and central parts of the country; soil degradation and erosion; deforestation; severe overpopulation

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
most of the country is situated on deltas of large rivers flowing from the Himalayas: the Ganges unites with the Jamuna (main channel of the Brahmaputra) and later joins the Meghna to eventually empty into the Bay of Bengal


NOTE: The information regarding Bangladesh on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bangladesh Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bangladesh Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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