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Bhutan Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/bhutan/bhutan_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 13, 2011

Location:
Southern Asia, between China and India

Geographic coordinates:
27 30 N, 90 30 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 38,394 sq km
country comparison to the world: 136
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 38,394 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
about one-half the size of Indiana

Land boundaries:
total: 1,075 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: China 470 km, India 605 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
varies; tropical in southern plains; cool winters and hot summers in central valleys; severe winters and cool summers in Himalayas
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly mountainous with some fertile valleys and savanna

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Drangeme Chhu 97 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Gangkar Puensum 7,570 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
timber, hydropower, gypsum, calcium carbonate

Land use:
arable land: 2.3%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.43%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 97.27% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
400 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
95 cu km (1987)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 0.43 cu km/yr (5%/1%/94%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 199 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
violent storms from the Himalayas are the source of the country's name, which translates as Land of the Thunder Dragon; frequent landslides during the rainy season

Environment - current issues:
soil erosion; limited access to potable water

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Geography - note:
landlocked; strategic location between China and India; controls several key Himalayan mountain passes


NOTE: The information regarding Bhutan on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bhutan Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bhutan Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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