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Bolivia Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/bolivia/bolivia_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 13, 2011

Location:
Central South America, southwest of Brazil

Geographic coordinates:
17 00 S, 65 00 W

Map references:
South America

Area:
total: 1,098,581 sq km
country comparison to the world: 28
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 1,083,301 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 15,280 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly less than three times the size of Montana

Land boundaries:
total: 6,940 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Argentina 832 km, Brazil 3,423 km, Chile 860 km, Paraguay 750 km, Peru 1,075 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
varies with altitude; humid and tropical to cold and semiarid
More Climate Details

Terrain:
rugged Andes Mountains with a highland plateau (Altiplano), hills, lowland plains of the Amazon Basin

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Rio Paraguay 90 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Nevado Sajama 6,542 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber, hydropower

Land use:
arable land: 2.78%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.19%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 97.03% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
1,320 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
622.5 cu km (2000)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 1.44 cu km/yr (13%/7%/81%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 157 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
flooding in the northeast (March-April)
volcanism: Bolivia experiences volcanic activity in Andes Mountains on the border with Chile; historically active volcanoes in this region are Irruputuncu (elev. 5,163 m, 16,939 ft), which last erupted in 1995 and Olca-Paruma

Environment - current issues:
the clearing of land for agricultural purposes and the international demand for tropical timber are contributing to deforestation; soil erosion from overgrazing and poor cultivation methods (including slash-and-burn agriculture); desertification; loss of biodiversity; industrial pollution of water supplies used for drinking and irrigation

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
landlocked; shares control of Lago Titicaca, world's highest navigable lake (elevation 3,805 m), with Peru


NOTE: The information regarding Bolivia on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bolivia Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bolivia Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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