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Bulgaria Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/bulgaria/bulgaria_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 13, 2011

Location:
Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey

Geographic coordinates:
43 00 N, 25 00 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 110,879 sq km
country comparison to the world: 104
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 108,489 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 2,390 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than Tennessee

Land boundaries:
total: 1,808 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Greece 494 km, Macedonia 148 km, Romania 608 km, Serbia 318 km, Turkey 240 km

Coastline:
354 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate:
temperate; cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly mountains with lowlands in north and southeast

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Musala 2,925 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land

Land use:
arable land: 29.94%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 1.9%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 68.16% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
5,880 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
19.4 cu km (2005)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 6.92 cu km/yr (3%/78%/19%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 895 cu m/yr (2003)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
earthquakes; landslides

Environment - current issues:
air pollution from industrial emissions; rivers polluted from raw sewage, heavy metals, detergents; deforestation; forest damage from air pollution and resulting acid rain; soil contamination from heavy metals from metallurgical plants and industrial wastes

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
strategic location near Turkish Straits; controls key land routes from Europe to Middle East and Asia


NOTE: The information regarding Bulgaria on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bulgaria Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bulgaria Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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