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Chad Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/chad/chad_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 12, 2011

Location:
Central Africa, south of Libya

Geographic coordinates:
15 00 N, 19 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 1.284 million sq km
country comparison to the world: 21
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 1,259,200 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 24,800 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly more than three times the size of California

Land boundaries:
total: 5,968 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Cameroon 1,094 km, Central African Republic 1,197 km, Libya 1,055 km, Niger 1,175 km, Nigeria 87 km, Sudan 1,360 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
tropical in south, desert in north
More Climate Details

Terrain:
broad, arid plains in center, desert in north, mountains in northwest, lowlands in south

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Djourab 160 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Emi Koussi 3,415 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
petroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt

Land use:
arable land: 2.8%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.02%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 97.18% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
300 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
43 cu km (1987)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 0.23 cu km/yr (17%/0%/83%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 24 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds occur in north; periodic droughts; locust plagues

Environment - current issues:
inadequate supplies of potable water; improper waste disposal in rural areas contributes to soil and water pollution; desertification

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping

Geography - note:
landlocked; Lake Chad is the most significant water body in the Sahel


NOTE: The information regarding Chad on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Chad Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Chad Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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