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Cuba Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/cuba/cuba_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 13, 2011

Location:
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida

Geographic coordinates:
21 30 N, 80 00 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 110,860 sq km
country comparison to the world: 105
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 109,820 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,040 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

Land boundaries:
total: 29 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay 29 km
note: Guantanamo Naval Base is leased by the US and remains part of Cuba

Coastline:
3,735 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate:
tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October)

Terrain:
mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Pico Turquino 2,005 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
cobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land

Land use:
arable land: 27.63%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 6.54%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 65.83% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
8,700 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
38.1 cu km (2000)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 8.2 cu km/yr (19%/12%/69%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 728 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
the east coast is subject to hurricanes from August to November (in general, the country averages about one hurricane every other year); droughts are common

Environment - current issues:
air and water pollution; biodiversity loss; deforestation

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
largest country in Caribbean and westernmost island of the Greater Antilles


NOTE: The information regarding Cuba on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cuba Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cuba Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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