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Czech Republic Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/czech_republic/czech_republic_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 12, 2011

Location:
Central Europe, between Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria

Geographic coordinates:
49 45 N, 15 30 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 78,867 sq km
country comparison to the world: 115
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 77,247 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,620 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than South Carolina

Land boundaries:
total: 1,989 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Austria 362 km, Germany 815 km, Poland 615 km, Slovakia 197 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters
More Climate Details

Terrain:
Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Elbe River 115 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Snezka 1,602 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber

Land use:
arable land: 38.82%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 3%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 58.18% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
240 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
16 cu km (2005)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 1.91 cu km/yr (41%/57%/2%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 187 cu m/yr (2002)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
flooding

Environment - current issues:
air and water pollution in areas of northwest Bohemia and in northern Moravia around Ostrava present health risks; acid rain damaging forests; efforts to bring industry up to EU code should improve domestic pollution

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
landlocked; strategically located astride some of oldest and most significant land routes in Europe; Moravian Gate is a traditional military corridor between the North European Plain and the Danube in central Europe


NOTE: The information regarding Czech Republic on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Czech Republic Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Czech Republic Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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