Denmark Geography 2011

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Page last updated on January 12, 2011

Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, on a peninsula north of Germany (Jutland); also includes two major islands (Sjaelland and Fyn)

Geographic coordinates:
56 00 N, 10 00 E

Map references:

total: 43,094 sq km
country comparison to the world: 133
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 42,434 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 660 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
note: includes the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea and the rest of metropolitan Denmark (the Jutland Peninsula, and the major islands of Sjaelland and Fyn), but excludes the Faroe Islands and Greenland

Area - comparative:
slightly less than twice the size of Massachusetts

Land boundaries:
total: 68 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Germany 68 km

7,314 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation

temperate; humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers

low and flat to gently rolling plains

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Lammefjord -7 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Mollehoj/Ejer Bavnehoj 171 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
petroleum, natural gas, fish, salt, limestone, chalk, stone, gravel and sand

Land use:
arable land: 52.59%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.19%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 47.22% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
4,490 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
6.1 cu km (2003)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 0.67 cu km/yr (32%/26%/42%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 123 cu m/yr (2002)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
flooding is a threat in some areas of the country (e.g., parts of Jutland, along the southern coast of the island of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by a system of dikes

Environment - current issues:
air pollution, principally from vehicle and power plant emissions; nitrogen and phosphorus pollution of the North Sea; drinking and surface water becoming polluted from animal wastes and pesticides

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
controls Danish Straits (Skagerrak and Kattegat) linking Baltic and North Seas; about one-quarter of the population lives in greater Copenhagen

NOTE: The information regarding Denmark on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Denmark Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Denmark Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.

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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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