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Ecuador Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/ecuador/ecuador_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 13, 2011

Location:
Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru

Geographic coordinates:
2 00 S, 77 30 W

Map references:
South America

Area:
total: 283,561 sq km
country comparison to the world: 73
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 276,841 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 6,720 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
note: includes Galapagos Islands

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Nevada

Land boundaries:
total: 2,010 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Colombia 590 km, Peru 1,420 km

Coastline:
2,237 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 200 nm
continental shelf: 100 nm from 2,500-m isobath

Climate:
tropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical in Amazonian jungle lowlands
More Climate Details

Terrain:
coastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), and flat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente)

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Chimborazo 6,267 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]
note: due to the fact that the earth is not a perfect sphere and has an equatorial bulge, the highest point on the planet furthest from its center is Mount Chimborazo not Mount Everest, which is merely the highest peak above sea-level

Natural resources:
petroleum, fish, timber, hydropower

Land use:
arable land: 5.71%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 4.81%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 89.48% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
8,650 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
432 cu km (2000)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 16.98 cu km/yr (12%/5%/82%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 1,283 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
frequent earthquakes; landslides; volcanic activity; floods; periodic droughts
volcanism: Ecuador experiences volcanic activity in the Andes Mountains; Sangay (elev. 5,230 m, 17,159 ft), which erupted in 2010, is mainland Ecuador's most active volcano; other historically active volcanoes in the Andes include Antisana, Cayambe, Chacana, Cotopaxi, Guagua Pichincha, Reventador, Sumaco, and Tungurahua; Fernandina (elev. 1,476 m, 4,842 ft), a shield volcano that last erupted in 2009, is the most active of the many Galapagos volcanoes; other historically active Galapagos volcanoes include Wolf, Sierra Negra, Cerro Azul, Pinta, Marchena, and Santiago

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution; pollution from oil production wastes in ecologically sensitive areas of the Amazon Basin and Galapagos Islands

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
Cotopaxi in Andes is highest active volcano in world


NOTE: The information regarding Ecuador on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ecuador Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ecuador Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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