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Eritrea Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/eritrea/eritrea_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 12, 2011

Location:
Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan

Geographic coordinates:
15 00 N, 39 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 117,600 sq km
country comparison to the world: 100
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 101,000 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 16,600 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than Pennsylvania

Land boundaries:
total: 1,626 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Djibouti 109 km, Ethiopia 912 km, Sudan 605 km

Coastline:
2,234 km (mainland on Red Sea 1,151 km, islands in Red Sea 1,083 km)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate:
hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest June to September); semiarid in western hills and lowlands

Terrain:
dominated by extension of Ethiopian north-south trending highlands, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: near Kulul within the Danakil Depression -75 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Soira 3,018 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish

Land use:
arable land: 4.78%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.03%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 95.19% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
210 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
6.3 cu km (2001)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 0.3 cu km/yr (3%/0%/97%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 68 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
frequent droughts; locust swarms
volcanism: Dubbi (elev. 1,625 m, 5,331 ft), which last erupted in 1861, is the country's only historically active volcano

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; desertification; soil erosion; overgrazing; loss of infrastructure from civil warfare

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
strategic geopolitical position along world's busiest shipping lanes; Eritrea retained the entire coastline of Ethiopia along the Red Sea upon de jure independence from Ethiopia on 24 May 1993


NOTE: The information regarding Eritrea on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Eritrea Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Eritrea Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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