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Finland Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/finland/finland_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















Finland Geography 2011
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2011

Location:
Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Sweden and Russia

Geographic coordinates:
64 00 N, 26 00 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 338,145 sq km
country comparison to the world: 64
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 303,815 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 34,330 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Montana

Land boundaries:
total: 2,654 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Norway 727 km, Sweden 614 km, Russia 1,313 km

Coastline:
1,250 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm (in the Gulf of Finland - 3 nm)
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm; extends to continental shelf boundary with Sweden
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate:
cold temperate; potentially subarctic but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly low, flat to rolling plains interspersed with lakes and low hills

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Haltiatunturi 1,328 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
timber, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, limestone

Land use:
arable land: 6.54%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.02%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 93.44% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
640 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
110 cu km (2005)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 2.33 cu km/yr (14%/84%/3%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 444 cu m/yr (1999)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
NA

Environment - current issues:
air pollution from manufacturing and power plants contributing to acid rain; water pollution from industrial wastes, agricultural chemicals; habitat loss threatens wildlife populations

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
long boundary with Russia; Helsinki is northernmost national capital on European continent; population concentrated on small southwestern coastal plain


NOTE: The information regarding Finland on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Finland Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Finland Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.






This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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