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Gambia, The Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/gambia_the/gambia_the_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 12, 2011

Location:
Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal

Geographic coordinates:
13 28 N, 16 34 W

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 11,295 sq km
country comparison to the world: 166
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 10,000 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,295 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly less than twice the size of Delaware

Land boundaries:
total: 740 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Senegal 740 km

Coastline:
80 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 18 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: extent not specified

Climate:
tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May)

Terrain:
flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: unnamed elevation 53 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
fish, clay, silica sand, titanium (rutile and ilmenite), tin, zircon

Land use:
arable land: 27.88%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.44%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 71.68% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
20 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
8 cu km (1982)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 0.03 cu km/yr (23%/12%/65%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 20 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
drought (rainfall has dropped by 30% in the last 30 years)

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; desertification; water-borne diseases prevalent

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
almost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country on the continent of Africa


NOTE: The information regarding Gambia, The on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Gambia, The Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Gambia, The Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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