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Haiti Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/haiti/haiti_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 12, 2011

Location:
Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic

Geographic coordinates:
19 00 N, 72 25 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 27,750 sq km
country comparison to the world: 147
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 27,560 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 190 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Maryland

Land boundaries:
total: 360 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Dominican Republic 360 km

Coastline:
1,771 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: to depth of exploitation

Climate:
tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly rough and mountainous

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Chaine de la Selle 2,680 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower

Land use:
arable land: 28.11%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 11.53%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 60.36% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
920 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
14 cu km (2000)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 0.99 cu km/yr (5%/1%/94%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 116 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts

Environment - current issues:
extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and used as fuel); soil erosion; inadequate supplies of potable water

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes

Geography - note:
shares island of Hispaniola with Dominican Republic (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic)


NOTE: The information regarding Haiti on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Haiti Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Haiti Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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