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Israel Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/israel/israel_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 12, 2011

Location:
Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Lebanon

Geographic coordinates:
31 30 N, 34 45 E

Map references:
Middle East

Area:
total: 22,072 sq km
country comparison to the world: 152
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 21,642 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 430 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than New Jersey

Land boundaries:
total: 1,017 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Egypt 266 km, Gaza Strip 51 km, Jordan 238 km, Lebanon 79 km, Syria 76 km, West Bank 307 km

Coastline:
273 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: to depth of exploitation

Climate:
temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas
More Climate Details

Terrain:
Negev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordan Rift Valley

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Har Meron 1,208 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
timber, potash, copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock, magnesium bromide, clays, sand

Land use:
arable land: 15.45%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 3.88%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 80.67% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
1,940 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
1.7 cu km (2001)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 2.05 cu km/yr (31%/7%/62%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 305 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
sandstorms may occur during spring and summer; droughts; periodic earthquakes

Environment - current issues:
limited arable land and natural fresh water resources pose serious constraints; desertification; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; groundwater pollution from industrial and domestic waste, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
Lake Tiberias (Sea of Galilee) is an important freshwater source; there are about 355 Israeli civilian sites including about 145 small outpost communities in the West Bank, 41 sites in the Golan Heights, and 32 in East Jerusalem (2010 est.)


NOTE: The information regarding Israel on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Israel Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Israel Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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