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Kyrgyzstan Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/kyrgyzstan/kyrgyzstan_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















Kyrgyzstan Geography 2011
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2011

Location:
Central Asia, west of China

Geographic coordinates:
41 00 N, 75 00 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 199,951 sq km
country comparison to the world: 86
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 191,801 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 8,150 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than South Dakota

Land boundaries:
total: 3,051 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: China 858 km, Kazakhstan 1,224 km, Tajikistan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,099 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
dry continental to polar in high Tien Shan Mountains; subtropical in southwest (Fergana Valley); temperate in northern foothill zone
More Climate Details

Terrain:
peaks of Tien Shan and associated valleys and basins encompass entire nation

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Kara-Daryya (Karadar'ya) 132 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Jengish Chokusu (Pik Pobedy) 7,439 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
abundant hydropower; significant deposits of gold and rare earth metals; locally exploitable coal, oil, and natural gas; other deposits of nepheline, mercury, bismuth, lead, and zinc

Land use:
arable land: 6.55%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.28%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 93.17%
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]
note: Kyrgyzstan has the world's largest natural-growth walnut forest (2005)

Irrigated land:
10,720 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
46.5 cu km (1997)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 10.08 cu km/yr (3%/3%/94%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 1,916 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
NA

Environment - current issues:
water pollution; many people get their water directly from contaminated streams and wells; as a result, water-borne diseases are prevalent; increasing soil salinity from faulty irrigation practices

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
landlocked; entirely mountainous, dominated by the Tien Shan range; 94% of the country is 1,000 m above sea level with an average elevation of 2,750 m; many tall peaks, glaciers, and high-altitude lakes


NOTE: The information regarding Kyrgyzstan on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Kyrgyzstan Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Kyrgyzstan Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.






This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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