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Libya Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/libya/libya_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 13, 2011

Location:
Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Tunisia

Geographic coordinates:
25 00 N, 17 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 1,759,540 sq km
country comparison to the world: 17
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 1,759,540 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than Alaska

Land boundaries:
total: 4,348 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Algeria 982 km, Chad 1,055 km, Egypt 1,115 km, Niger 354 km, Sudan 383 km, Tunisia 459 km

Coastline:
1,770 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
note: Gulf of Sidra closing line - 32 degrees, 30 minutes north
exclusive fishing zone: 62 nm

Climate:
Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Sabkhat Ghuzayyil -47 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Bikku Bitti 2,267 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
petroleum, natural gas, gypsum

Land use:
arable land: 1.03%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.19%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 98.78% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
4,700 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
0.6 cu km (1997)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 4.27 cu km/yr (14%/3%/83%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 730 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
hot, dry, dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four days in spring and fall; dust storms, sandstorms

Environment - current issues:
desertification; limited natural fresh water resources; the Great Manmade River Project, the largest water development scheme in the world, is being built to bring water from large aquifers under the Sahara to coastal cities

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Geography - note:
more than 90% of the country is desert or semidesert


NOTE: The information regarding Libya on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Libya Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Libya Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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