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Mali Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/mali/mali_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 12, 2011

Location:
Western Africa, southwest of Algeria

Geographic coordinates:
17 00 N, 4 00 W

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 1,240,192 sq km
country comparison to the world: 24
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 1,220,190 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 20,002 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly less than twice the size of Texas

Land boundaries:
total: 7,243 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Algeria 1,376 km, Burkina Faso 1,000 km, Guinea 858 km, Cote d'Ivoire 532 km, Mauritania 2,237 km, Niger 821 km, Senegal 419 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
subtropical to arid; hot and dry (February to June); rainy, humid, and mild (June to November); cool and dry (November to February)

Terrain:
mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna in south, rugged hills in northeast

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Senegal River 23 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Hombori Tondo 1,155 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, gypsum, granite, hydropower
note: bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited

Land use:
arable land: 3.76%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.03%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 96.21% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
2,360 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
100 cu km (2001)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 6.55 cu km/yr (9%/1%/90%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 484 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
hot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts; occasional Niger River flooding

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
landlocked; divided into three natural zones: the southern, cultivated Sudanese; the central, semiarid Sahelian; and the northern, arid Saharan


NOTE: The information regarding Mali on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mali Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mali Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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