| COUNTRIES | GEOGRAPHIC NAMES | GEOLOGY | USA STATS | CHINA STATS | COUNTRY CODES | AIRPORTS | RELIGION | JOBS |

Nepal Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/nepal/nepal_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese



Page last updated on January 13, 2011

Location:
Southern Asia, between China and India

Geographic coordinates:
28 00 N, 84 00 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 147,181 sq km
country comparison to the world: 93
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 143,351 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 3,830 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than Arkansas

Land boundaries:
total: 2,926 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: China 1,236 km, India 1,690 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south
More Climate Details

Terrain:
Tarai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Kanchan Kalan 70 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore

Land use:
arable land: 16.07%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.85%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 83.08% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
11,700 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
210.2 cu km (1999)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 10.18 cu km/yr (3%/1%/96%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 375 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
severe thunderstorms; flooding; landslides; drought and famine depending on the timing, intensity, and duration of the summer monsoons

Environment - current issues:
deforestation (overuse of wood for fuel and lack of alternatives); contaminated water (with human and animal wastes, agricultural runoff, and industrial effluents); wildlife conservation; vehicular emissions

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
landlocked; strategic location between China and India; contains eight of world's 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga - the world's tallest and third tallest - on the borders with China and India respectively


NOTE: The information regarding Nepal on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nepal Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nepal Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



- Please bookmark this page (add it to your favorites).
- If you wish to link to this page, you can do so by referring to the URL address below this line.

https://theodora.com/wfb2011/nepal/nepal_geography.html


This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
Copyright © 1995-2011 ITA all rights reserved.