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New Caledonia Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/new_caledonia/new_caledonia_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 11, 2011

Location:
Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia

Geographic coordinates:
21 30 S, 165 30 E

Map references:
Oceania

Area:
total: 18,575 sq km
country comparison to the world: 155
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 18,275 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 300 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than New Jersey

Land boundaries:
0 km

Coastline:
2,254 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate:
tropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid

Terrain:
coastal plains with interior mountains

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Mont Panie 1,628 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
nickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper

Land use:
arable land: 0.32%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.22%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 99.46% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
100 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
cyclones, most frequent from November to March
volcanism: Matthew and Hunter Islands are historically active

Environment - current issues:
erosion caused by mining exploitation and forest fires

Geography - note:
consists of the main island of New Caledonia (one of the largest in the Pacific Ocean), the archipelago of Iles Loyaute, and numerous small, sparsely populated islands and atolls


NOTE: The information regarding New Caledonia on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of New Caledonia Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about New Caledonia Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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