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Nicaragua Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/nicaragua/nicaragua_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 12, 2011

Location:
Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras

Geographic coordinates:
13 00 N, 85 00 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 130,370 sq km
country comparison to the world: 97
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 119,990 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 10,380 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than New York state

Land boundaries:
total: 1,231 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Costa Rica 309 km, Honduras 922 km

Coastline:
910 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: natural prolongation

Climate:
tropical in lowlands, cooler in highlands
More Climate Details

Terrain:
extensive Atlantic coastal plains rising to central interior mountains; narrow Pacific coastal plain interrupted by volcanoes

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Mogoton 2,438 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
gold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber, fish

Land use:
arable land: 14.81%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 1.82%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 83.37% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
610 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
196.7 cu km (2000)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 1.3 cu km/yr (15%/2%/83%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 237 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
destructive earthquakes; volcanoes; landslides; extremely susceptible to hurricanes
volcanism: Nicaragua experiences significant volcanic activity; Cerro Negro (elev. 728 m, 2,388 ft), which last erupted in 1999, is one of Nicaragua's most active volcanoes; its lava flows and ash have been known to cause significant damage to farmland and buildings; other historically active volcanoes include Concepcion, Cosiguina, Las Pilas, Masaya, Momotombo, San Cristobal, and Telica

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
largest country in Central America; contains the largest freshwater body in Central America, Lago de Nicaragua


NOTE: The information regarding Nicaragua on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nicaragua Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nicaragua Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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