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Switzerland Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/switzerland/switzerland_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















Switzerland Geography 2011
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2011

Location:
Central Europe, east of France, north of Italy

Geographic coordinates:
47 00 N, 8 00 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 41,277 sq km
country comparison to the world: 135
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 39,997 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,280 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey

Land boundaries:
total: 1,852 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Austria 164 km, France 573 km, Italy 740 km, Liechtenstein 41 km, Germany 334 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
temperate, but varies with altitude; cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers with occasional showers

Terrain:
mostly mountains (Alps in south, Jura in northwest) with a central plateau of rolling hills, plains, and large lakes

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Lake Maggiore 195 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Dufourspitze 4,634 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
hydropower potential, timber, salt

Land use:
arable land: 9.91%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.58%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 89.51% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
250 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
53.3 cu km (2005)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 2.52 cu km/yr (24%/74%/2%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 348 cu m/yr (2002)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
avalanches, landslides; flash floods

Environment - current issues:
air pollution from vehicle emissions and open-air burning; acid rain; water pollution from increased use of agricultural fertilizers; loss of biodiversity

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Geography - note:
landlocked; crossroads of northern and southern Europe; along with southeastern France, northern Italy, and southwestern Austria, has the highest elevations in the Alps


NOTE: The information regarding Switzerland on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Switzerland Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Switzerland Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.






This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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