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Taiwan Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/taiwan/taiwan_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















Taiwan Geography 2011
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2011

Location:
Eastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China

Geographic coordinates:
23 30 N, 121 00 E

Map references:
Southeast Asia

Area:
total: 35,980 sq km
country comparison to the world: 138
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 32,260 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 3,720 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
note: includes the Pescadores, Matsu, and Quemoy islands

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Maryland and Delaware combined

Land boundaries:
0 km

Coastline:
1,566.3 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate:
tropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon (June to August); cloudiness is persistent and extensive all year

Terrain:
eastern two-thirds mostly rugged mountains; flat to gently rolling plains in west

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Yu Shan 3,952 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, and asbestos

Land use:
arable land: 24%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 1%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 75% (2001)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
NA
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
67 cu km (2000)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
earthquakes; typhoons
volcanism: Kueishantao Island (elev. 401 m, 1,316 ft), east of Taiwan, is its only historically active volcano, although it has not erupted in centuries

Environment - current issues:
air pollution; water pollution from industrial emissions, raw sewage; contamination of drinking water supplies; trade in endangered species; low-level radioactive waste disposal

Environment - international agreements:
party to: none of the selected agreements because of Taiwan's international status

Geography - note:
strategic location adjacent to both the Taiwan Strait and the Luzon Strait


NOTE: The information regarding Taiwan on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Taiwan Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Taiwan Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.






This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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