Tanzania People 2011

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese

Page last updated on January 12, 2011

country comparison to the world: 31
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2010 est.)
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 43% (male 8,853,529/female 8,805,810)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-64 years: 54.1% (male 10,956,133/female 11,255,868)
[see also: Age structure - 15-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 2.9% (male 513,959/female 663,233) (2010 est.)
[see also: Age structure - 65 years and over country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 18.3 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 18 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 18.5 years (2010 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]

Population growth rate:
2.032% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 52
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
33.44 births/1,000 population (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 40
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
12.31 deaths/1,000 population (July 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 28
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-0.81 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 152
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 25% of total population (2008)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 4.2% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - under 15 years country ranks ]
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2010 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 68.13 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 21
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 75 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 61.05 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 52.49 years
country comparison to the world: 208
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 50.99 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 54.03 years (2010 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]

Total fertility rate:
4.31 children born/woman (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 40
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
6.2% (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
1.4 million (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
96,000 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and plague
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2009)

noun: Tanzanian(s)
adjective: Tanzanian

Ethnic groups:
mainland - African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, African, mixed Arab and African

mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim

Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages

definition: age 15 and over can read and write Kiswahili (Swahili), English, or Arabic
total population: 69.4%
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 77.5%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 62.2% (2002 census)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 5 years
male: 5 years
female: 5 years (1999)

Education expenditures:
6.8% of GDP (2008)
country comparison to the world: 25
[see also: Education expenditures country ranks ]

NOTE: The information regarding Tanzania on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tanzania People 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tanzania People 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.

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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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