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Thailand Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/thailand/thailand_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 13, 2011

Location:
Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma

Geographic coordinates:
15 00 N, 100 00 E

Map references:
Southeast Asia

Area:
total: 513,120 sq km
country comparison to the world: 50
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 510,890 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 2,230 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly more than twice the size of Wyoming

Land boundaries:
total: 4,863 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Burma 1,800 km, Cambodia 803 km, Laos 1,754 km, Malaysia 506 km

Coastline:
3,219 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate:
tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid
More Climate Details

Terrain:
central plain; Khorat Plateau in the east; mountains elsewhere

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Doi Inthanon 2,576 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land

Land use:
arable land: 27.54%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 6.93%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 65.53% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
49,860 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
409.9 cu km (1999)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 82.75 cu km/yr (2%/2%/95%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 1,288 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
land subsidence in Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table; droughts

Environment - current issues:
air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from organic and factory wastes; deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by illegal hunting

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Geography - note:
controls only land route from Asia to Malaysia and Singapore


NOTE: The information regarding Thailand on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Thailand Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Thailand Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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