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Tunisia Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/tunisia/tunisia_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 12, 2011

Location:
Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya

Geographic coordinates:
34 00 N, 9 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 163,610 sq km
country comparison to the world: 92
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 155,360 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 8,250 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than Georgia

Land boundaries:
total: 1,424 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Algeria 965 km, Libya 459 km

Coastline:
1,148 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 12 nm

Climate:
temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south

Terrain:
mountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Shatt al Gharsah -17 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Jebel ech Chambi 1,544 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt

Land use:
arable land: 17.05%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 13.08%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 69.87% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
3,940 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
4.6 cu km (2003)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 2.64 cu km/yr (14%/4%/82%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 261 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
NA

Environment - current issues:
toxic and hazardous waste disposal is ineffective and poses health risks; water pollution from raw sewage; limited natural fresh water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
strategic location in central Mediterranean; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration


NOTE: The information regarding Tunisia on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tunisia Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tunisia Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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