Turkey Military 2011

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Page last updated on January 12, 2011

Military branches:
Turkish Armed Forces (TSK): Turkish Land Forces (Turk Kara Kuvvetleri), Turkish Naval Forces (Turk Deniz Kuvvetleri; includes naval air and naval infantry), Turkish Air Force (Turk Hava Kuvvetleri) (2010)

Military service age and obligation:
20 years of age (2004)

Manpower available for military service:
males age 16-49: 20,832,658
[see also: Manpower available for military service - males age 16-49 country ranks ]
females age 16-49: 20,337,037 (2010 est.)
[see also: Manpower available for military service - females age 16-49 country ranks ]

Manpower fit for military service:
males age 16-49: 17,447,579
[see also: Manpower fit for military service - males age 16-49 country ranks ]
females age 16-49: 17,173,063 (2010 est.)
[see also: Manpower fit for military service - females age 16-49 country ranks ]

Manpower reaching military service age annually:
male: 695,326
[see also: Manpower reaching military service age annually - male country ranks ]
female: 666,026 (2010 est.)
[see also: Manpower reaching military service age annually - female country ranks ]

Military expenditures:
5.3% of GDP (2005 est.)
country comparison to the world: 15
[see also: Military expenditures country ranks ]

Military - note:
a "National Security Policy Document" adopted in October 2005 increases the Turkish Armed Forces (TSK) role in internal security, augmenting the General Directorate of Security and Gendarmerie General Command (Jandarma); the TSK leadership continues to play a key role in politics and considers itself guardian of Turkey's secular state; in April 2007, it warned the ruling party about any pro-Islamic appointments; despite on-going negotiations on EU accession since October 2005, progress has been limited in establishing required civilian supremacy over the military; primary domestic threats are listed as fundamentalism (with the definition in some dispute with the civilian government), separatism (the Kurdish problem), and the extreme left wing; Ankara strongly opposed establishment of an autonomous Kurdish region; an overhaul of the Turkish Land Forces Command (TLFC) taking place under the "Force 2014" program is to produce 20-30% smaller, more highly trained forces characterized by greater mobility and firepower and capable of joint and combined operations; the TLFC has taken on increasing international peacekeeping responsibilities, and took charge of a NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) command in Afghanistan in April 2007; the Turkish Navy is a regional naval power that wants to develop the capability to project power beyond Turkey's coastal waters; the Navy is heavily involved in NATO, multinational, and UN operations; its roles include control of territorial waters and security for sea lines of communications; the Turkish Air Force adopted an "Aerospace and Missile Defense Concept" in 2002 and has initiated project work on an integrated missile defense system; Air Force priorities include attaining a modern deployable, survivable, and sustainable force structure, and establishing a sustainable command and control system (2008)

NOTE: The information regarding Turkey on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Turkey Military 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turkey Military 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.

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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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