United Kingdom Geography 2011

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Page last updated on January 12, 2011

Western Europe, islands including the northern one-sixth of the island of Ireland between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, northwest of France

Geographic coordinates:
54 00 N, 2 00 W

Map references:

total: 243,610 sq km
country comparison to the world: 79
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 241,930 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,680 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
note: includes Rockall and Shetland Islands

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Oregon

Land boundaries:
total: 360 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Ireland 360 km

12,429 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: as defined in continental shelf orders or in accordance with agreed upon boundaries

temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast

mostly rugged hills and low mountains; level to rolling plains in east and southeast

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: The Fens -4 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Ben Nevis 1,343 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
coal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, potash, silica sand, slate, arable land

Land use:
arable land: 23.23%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.2%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 76.57% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
1,700 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
160.6 cu km (2005)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 11.75 cu km/yr (22%/75%/3%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 197 cu m/yr (1994)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
winter windstorms; floods

Environment - current issues:
continues to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (has met Kyoto Protocol target of a 12.5% reduction from 1990 levels and intends to meet the legally binding target and move toward a domestic goal of a 20% cut in emissions by 2010); by 2005 the government reduced the amount of industrial and commercial waste disposed of in landfill sites to 85% of 1998 levels and recycled or composted at least 25% of household waste, increasing to 33% by 2015

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
lies near vital North Atlantic sea lanes; only 35 km from France and linked by tunnel under the English Channel; because of heavily indented coastline, no location is more than 125 km from tidal waters

NOTE: The information regarding United Kingdom on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of United Kingdom Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about United Kingdom Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.

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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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