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Uzbekistan Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/uzbekistan/uzbekistan_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 13, 2011

Location:
Central Asia, north of Afghanistan

Geographic coordinates:
41 00 N, 64 00 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 447,400 sq km
country comparison to the world: 56
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 425,400 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 22,000 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than California

Land boundaries:
total: 6,221 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Afghanistan 137 km, Kazakhstan 2,203 km, Kyrgyzstan 1,099 km, Tajikistan 1,161 km, Turkmenistan 1,621 km

Coastline:
0 km (doubly landlocked); note - Uzbekistan includes the southern portion of the Aral Sea with a 420 km shoreline
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (doubly landlocked)

Climate:
mostly midlatitude desert, long, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid grassland in east
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes; broad, flat intensely irrigated river valleys along course of Amu Darya, Syr Darya (Sirdaryo), and Zarafshon; Fergana Valley in east surrounded by mountainous Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan; shrinking Aral Sea in west

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Sariqamish Kuli -12 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Adelunga Toghi 4,301 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
natural gas, petroleum, coal, gold, uranium, silver, copper, lead and zinc, tungsten, molybdenum

Land use:
arable land: 10.51%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.76%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 88.73% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
42,810 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
72.2 cu km (2003)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 58.34 cu km/yr (5%/2%/93%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 2,194 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
NA

Environment - current issues:
shrinkage of the Aral Sea is resulting in growing concentrations of chemical pesticides and natural salts; these substances are then blown from the increasingly exposed lake bed and contribute to desertification; water pollution from industrial wastes and the heavy use of fertilizers and pesticides is the cause of many human health disorders; increasing soil salination; soil contamination from buried nuclear processing and agricultural chemicals, including DDT

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
along with Liechtenstein, one of the only two doubly landlocked countries in the world


NOTE: The information regarding Uzbekistan on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Uzbekistan Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Uzbekistan Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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