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Albania Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/albania/albania_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Albania Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece to the south and Montenegro and Kosovo to the north

Geographic coordinates:
41 00 N, 20 00 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 28,748 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 27,398 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,350 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 145

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Maryland

Land boundaries:
total: 691 km
border countries (4): Greece 212 km, Kosovo 112 km, Macedonia 181 km, Montenegro 186 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
362 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate:
mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter

Terrain:
mostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast

Elevation:
mean elevation: 708 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m highest point: Maja e Korabit (Golem Korab) 2,764 m

Natural resources:
petroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 43.8% arable land 22.7%; permanent crops 2.7%; permanent pasture 18.4%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 28.3%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 27.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
3,310 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
a fairly even distribution, with somewhat higher concentrations of people in the western and central parts of the country

Natural hazards:
destructive earthquakes; tsunamis occur along southwestern coast; floods; drought

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution from industrial and domestic effluents

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
strategic location along Strait of Otranto (links Adriatic Sea to Ionian Sea and Mediterranean Sea)


NOTE: The information regarding Albania on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Albania Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Albania Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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