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Angola People - 2024


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


35,981,281 (2023 est.)


noun: Angolan(s)

adjective: Angolan

Ethnic groups

Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, Mestico (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%


Portuguese 71.2% (official), Umbundu 23%, Kikongo 8.2%, Kimbundu 7.8%, Chokwe 6.5%, Nhaneca 3.4%, Nganguela 3.1%, Fiote 2.4%, Kwanhama 2.3%, Muhumbi 2.1%, Luvale 1%, other 3.6%; note - data represent most widely spoken languages; shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2014 est.)


Roman Catholic 41.1%, Protestant 38.1%, other 8.6%, none 12.3% (2014 est.)

Demographic profile

More than two decades after the end of Angola's 27-year civil war, the country still faces a variety of socioeconomic problems, including poverty, high maternal and child mortality, and illiteracy. Despite the country's rapid post-war economic growth based on oil production, about 30 percent of Angolans live below the poverty line and unemployment is widespread, especially among the large young-adult population. Only about 70% of the population is literate, and the rate drops to around 60% for women. The youthful population - about 48% are under the age of 15 as of 2022 - is expected to continue growing rapidly with a fertility rate of more than 5 children per woman and a low rate of contraceptive use. Fewer than half of women deliver their babies with the assistance of trained health care personnel, which contributes to Angola's high maternal mortality rate.

Of the estimated 550,000 Angolans who fled their homeland during its civil war, most have returned home since 2002. In 2012, the UN assessed that conditions in Angola had been stable for several years and invoked a cessation of refugee status for Angolans. Following the cessation clause, some of those still in exile returned home voluntarily through UN repatriation programs, and others integrated into host countries.

Age structure

0-14 years: 47.18% (male 8,503,242/female 8,473,889)

15-64 years: 50.49% (male 8,730,015/female 9,435,581)

65 years and over: 2.33% (2023 est.) (male 350,059/female 488,495)

2023 population pyramid:

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 91.5

youth dependency ratio: 86.5

elderly dependency ratio: 5

potential support ratio: 20.1 (2021 est.)

Median age

total: 16.2 years (2023 est.)

male: 15.7 years

female: 16.7 years

Population growth rate

3.34% (2023 est.)

Birth rate

41.4 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Death rate

7.8 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Net migration rate

-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Population distribution

most people live in the western half of the country; urban areas account for the highest concentrations of people, particularly the capital of Luanda as shown in this


urban population: 68.7% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 4.04% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

Major urban areas - population

9.292 million LUANDA (capital), 959,000 Lubango, 905,000 Cabinda, 809,000 Benguela, 783,000 Malanje  (2023)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female

total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2023 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

19.4 years (2015/16 est.)

note: data represents median age at first birth among women 20-49

Maternal mortality ratio

222 deaths/100,000 live births (2020 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 57.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2023 est.)

male: 62.4 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 51.9 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 62.5 years (2023 est.)

male: 60.4 years

female: 64.7 years

Total fertility rate

5.76 children born/woman (2023 est.)

Gross reproduction rate

2.84 (2023 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

13.7% (2015/16)

Drinking water source

improved: urban: 81.3% of population

rural: 36.5% of population

total: 66.5% of population

unimproved: urban: 18.7% of population

rural: 63.5% of population

total: 33.5% of population (2020 est.)

Current health expenditure

2.9% of GDP (2020)

Physicians density

0.21 physicians/1,000 population (2018)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 93.7% of population

rural: 30.3% of population

total: 72.7% of population

unimproved: urban: 6.3% of population

rural: 69.7% of population

total: 27.3% of population (2020 est.)

Major infectious diseases

degree of risk: very high (2023)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis

animal contact diseases: rabies

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

8.2% (2016)

Alcohol consumption per capita

total: 5.84 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

beer: 3.78 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

wine: 0.72 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

spirits: 1.27 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

other alcohols: 0.08 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

19% (2015/16)

Currently married women (ages 15-49)

55.7% (2023 est.)

Child marriage

women married by age 15: 7.9%

women married by age 18: 30.3%

men married by age 18: 6% (2016 est.)

Education expenditures

2.4% of GDP (2020 est.)


definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 71.1%

male: 82.6%

female: 62.4% (2015)

NOTE: The information regarding Angola on this page is re-published from the 2024 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Angola 2024 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Angola 2024 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 04 May 24, Copyright © 2024 ITA all rights reserved.