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Angola PEOPLE 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/angola/angola_people.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Angola PEOPLE 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Population:
20,172,332
note: results from Angola's 2014 national census estimate the country's population to be 25.8 million (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 59
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Angolan(s)
adjective: Angolan

Ethnic groups:
Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%

Languages:
Portuguese 71.2% (official), Umbundu 23%, Kikongo 8.2%, Kimbundu 7.8%, Chokwe 6.5%, Nhaneca 3.4%, Nganguela 3.1%, Fiote 2.4%, Kwanhama 2.3%, Muhumbi 2.1%, Luvale 1%, other 3.6%
note: most widely spoken languages; shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2014 est.)

Religions:
Roman Catholic 41.1%, Protestant 38.1%, other 8.6%, none 12.3% (2014 est.)

Demographic profile:
More than a decade after the end of Angola’s 27-year civil war, the country still faces a variety of socioeconomic problems, including poverty, high maternal and child mortality, and illiteracy. Despite the country’s rapid post-war economic growth based on oil production, more than 40 percent of Angolans live below the poverty line and unemployment is widespread, especially among the large young-adult population. Only about 70% of the population is literate, and the rate drops to around 60% for women. The youthful population – about 45% are under the age of 15 – is expected to continue growing rapidly with a fertility rate of more 5 children per woman and a low rate of contraceptive use. Fewer than half of women deliver their babies with the assistance of trained health care personnel, which contributes to Angola’s high maternal mortality rate. Of the estimated 550,000 Angolans who fled their homeland during its civil war, most have returned home since 2002. In 2012, the UN assessed that conditions in Angola had been stable for several years and invoked a cessation of refugee status for Angolans. Following the cessation clause, some of those still in exile returned home voluntarily through UN repatriation programs, and others integrated into host countries. As of August 2014, about 73,000 Angolans were still living in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia, Namibia, the Republic of the Congo, and other countries.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 42.72% (male 4,394,206/female 4,223,246)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 20.72% (male 2,127,140/female 2,053,363)
[see also: Age structure 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 29.6% (male 3,013,561/female 2,956,547)
[see also: Age structure 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 3.97% (male 388,314/female 413,347)
[see also: Age structure 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 2.99% (male 278,853/female 323,755) (2016 est.)
[see also: Age structure 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 99.9%
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 95.2%
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 4.6%
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 21.6% (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 18.2 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 18 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 18.3 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 213

Population growth rate:
2.72% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 14
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
38.6 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
11.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 30
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 105
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 44% of total population (2015)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 4.97% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
LUANDA (capital) 5.506 million; Huambo 1.269 million (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
19.4
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
477 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 25
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 76.5 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 80.1 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 72.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 8

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 56 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total country ranks ]
male: 54.8 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 57.2 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 208

Total fertility rate:
5.31 children born/woman (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
17.7% (2008/09)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
3.3% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 172
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.17 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 75.4% of population rural: 28.2% of population total: 49% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - Improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 24.6% of population rural: 71.8% of population total: 51% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - Unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 88.6% of population rural: 22.5% of population total: 51.6% of population
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total Improved country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 11.4% of population rural: 77.5% of population total: 48.4% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total UnImproved country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
2.17% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 25
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
315,400 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 21
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
11,900 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
8.5% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 147
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
15.6% (2007)
country comparison to the world: 45
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
3.5% of GDP (2010)
country comparison to the world: 127
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 71.1%
[see also: Literacy - total country ranks ]
male: 82%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 60.7% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 10 years
[see also: School life expectancy - total country ranks ]
male: 13 years
[see also: School life expectancy - male country ranks ]
female: 8 years (2011)
[see also: School life expectancy - female country ranks ]

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 832,895
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 24% (2001 est.)


[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - percentage country ranks ]


NOTE: The information regarding Angola on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Angola PEOPLE 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Angola PEOPLE 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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