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Austria Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/austria/austria_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Austria Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Central Europe, north of Italy and Slovenia

Geographic coordinates:
47 20 N, 13 20 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 83,871 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 82,445 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,426 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 114

Area - comparative:
about the size of South Carolina; slightly more than two-thirds the size of Pennsylvania
Area comparison map: about the size of South Carolina; slightly more than two-thirds the size of Pennsylvania

Land boundaries:
total: 2,524 km
border countries (8): Czech Republic 402 km, Germany 801 km, Hungary 321 km, Italy 404 km, Liechtenstein 34 km, Slovakia 105 km, Slovenia 299 km, Switzerland 158 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
temperate; continental, cloudy; cold winters with frequent rain and some snow in lowlands and snow in mountains; moderate summers with occasional showers

Terrain:
mostly mountains (Alps) in the west and south; mostly flat or gently sloping along the eastern and northern margins

Elevation:
mean elevation: 910 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Neusiedler See 115 m highest point: Grossglockner 3,798 m

Natural resources:
oil, coal, lignite, timber, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, magnesite, tungsten, graphite, salt, hydropower

Land use:
agricultural land: 38.4% arable land 16.5%; permanent crops 0.8%; permanent pasture 21.1%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 47.2%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 14.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
1,170 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
the northern and eastern portions of the country are more densely populated; nearly two-thirds of the populace lives in urban areas

Natural hazards:
landslides; avalanches; earthquakes

Environment - current issues:
some forest degradation caused by air and soil pollution; soil pollution results from the use of agricultural chemicals; air pollution results from emissions by coal- and oil-fired power stations and industrial plants and from trucks transiting Austria between northern and southern Europe

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
landlocked; strategic location at the crossroads of central Europe with many easily traversable Alpine passes and valleys; major river is the Danube; population is concentrated on eastern lowlands because of steep slopes, poor soils, and low temperatures elsewhere


NOTE: The information regarding Austria on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Austria Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Austria Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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