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Bahrain Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Bahrain Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Middle East, archipelago in the Persian Gulf, east of Saudi Arabia

Geographic coordinates:
26 00 N, 50 33 E

Map references:
Middle East

Area:
total: 760 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 760 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 188

Area - comparative:
3.5 times the size of Washington, DC


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

3.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:
0 km

Coastline:
161 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: extending to boundaries to be determined
[see also: Maritime claims - continental shelf country ranks ]

Climate:
arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly low desert plain rising gently to low central escarpment

Elevation:
0 m lowest point: Persian Gulf
135 highest point: Jabal ad Dukhan

Natural resources:
oil, associated and nonassociated natural gas, fish, pearls

Land use:
agricultural land: 11.3% (2014 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 2.1% (2014 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 3.9% (2014 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 5.3% (2014 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 0.7% (2014 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 88% (2014 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
40 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
smallest population of the Gulf States, but urbanization rate exceeds 90%; largest settlement concentration is found on the far northern end of the island in and around Manamah and Al Muharraq

Natural hazards:
periodic droughts; dust storms

Environment - current issues:
desertification resulting from the degradation of limited arable land, periods of drought, and dust storms; coastal degradation (damage to coastlines, coral reefs, and sea vegetation) resulting from oil spills and other discharges from large tankers, oil refineries, and distribution stations; lack of freshwater resources (groundwater and seawater are the only sources for all water needs); lowered water table leaves aquifers vulnerable to saline contamination; desalinization provides some 90% of the country's freshwater

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
close to primary Middle Eastern petroleum sources; strategic location in Persian Gulf, through which much of the Western world's petroleum must transit to reach open ocean


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Bahrain on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bahrain Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bahrain Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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