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Benin Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Benin Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Nigeria and Togo

Geographic coordinates:
9 30 N, 2 15 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 112,622 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 110,622 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 2,000 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 103

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

Land boundaries:
total: 2,123 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (4): Burkina Faso 386 km, Niger 277 km, Nigeria 809 km, Togo 651 km

Coastline:
121 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
continental shelf: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - continental shelf country ranks ]
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive fishing zone country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly flat to undulating plain; some hills and low mountains

Elevation:
mean elevation: 273 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
658 highest point: Mont Sokbaro

Natural resources:
small offshore oil deposits, limestone, marble, timber

Land use:
agricultural land: 31.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 22.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 3.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 4.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 40% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 28.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
230 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
the population is primarily located in the south, with the highest concentration of people residing in and around the cities on the Atlantic coast; most of the north remains sparsely populated with higher concentrations of residents in the west

Natural hazards:
hot, dry, dusty harmattan wind may affect north from December to March

Environment - current issues:
inadequate supplies of potable water; water pollution; poaching threatens wildlife populations; deforestation; desertification (the spread of the desert into agricultural lands in the north is accelerated by regular droughts)

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
sandbanks create difficult access to a coast with no natural harbors, river mouths, or islands


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Benin on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Benin Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Benin Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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