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Bosnia and Herzegovina Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Bosnia and Herzegovina Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia

Geographic coordinates:
44 00 N, 18 00 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 51,197 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 51,187 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 10 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 129

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than West Virginia

Land boundaries:
total: 1,543 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (3): Croatia 956 km, Montenegro 242 km, Serbia 345 km

Coastline:
20 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
NA

Climate:
hot summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short, cool summers and long, severe winters; mild, rainy winters along coast
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mountains and valleys

Elevation:
mean elevation: 500 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Adriatic Sea
2386 highest point: Maglic

Natural resources:
coal, iron ore, antimony, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, cobalt, manganese, nickel, clay, gypsum, salt, sand, timber, hydropower

Land use:
agricultural land: 42.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 19.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 20.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 42.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 15% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
30 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
the northern and central areas of the country are the most densely populated

Natural hazards:
destructive earthquakes

Environment - current issues:
air pollution; deforestation and illegal logging; inadequate wastewater treatment and flood management facilities; sites for disposing of urban waste are limited; land mines left over from the 1992-95 civil strife are a hazard in some areas

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
within Bosnia and Herzegovina's recognized borders, the country is divided into a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation (about 51% of the territory) and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska or RS (about 49% of the territory); the region called Herzegovina is contiguous to Croatia and Montenegro, and traditionally has been settled by an ethnic Croat majority in the west and an ethnic Serb majority in the east


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Bosnia and Herzegovina on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bosnia and Herzegovina Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bosnia and Herzegovina Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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