Bulgaria Geography 2018, CIA World Factbook
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Bulgaria Geography 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Bulgaria Geography 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Location:
Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey

Geographic coordinates:
43 00 N, 25 00 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 110,879 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 108,489 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 2,390 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 106

Area - comparative:
almost identical in size to Virginia; slightly larger than Tennessee

Land boundaries:
total: 1,806 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (5): Greece 472 km, Macedonia 162 km, Romania 605 km, Serbia 344 km, Turkey 223 km

Coastline:
354 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]

Climate:
temperate; cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly mountains with lowlands in north and southeast

Elevation:
mean elevation: 472 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Black Sea 0 m highest point: Musala 2,925 m

Natural resources:
bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 46.9% arable land 29.9%; permanent crops 1.5%; permanent pasture 15.5%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 36.7%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 16.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
1,020 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger populations

Natural hazards:
earthquakes; landslides

Environment - current issues:
air pollution from industrial emissions; rivers polluted from raw sewage, heavy metals, detergents; deforestation; forest damage from air pollution and resulting acid rain; soil contamination from heavy metals from metallurgical plants and industrial wastes

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
strategic location near Turkish Straits; controls key land routes from Europe to Middle East and Asia


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Bulgaria on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bulgaria Geography 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bulgaria Geography 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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