Burkina Faso PEOPLE 2018, CIA World Factbook
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Burkina Faso PEOPLE 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Burkina Faso PEOPLE 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Population:
20,107,509
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 59
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Burkinabe (singular and plural)
adjective: Burkinabe

Ethnic groups:
Mossi 52%, Fulani 8.4%, Gurma 7%, Bobo 4.9%, Gurunsi 4.6%, Senufo 4.5%, Bissa 3.7%, Lobi 2.4%, Dagara 2.4%, Tuareg/Bella 1.9%, Dioula 0.8%, unspecified/no answer 0.3%, other 7.2% (2010 est.)

Languages:
French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population

Religions:
Muslim 61.5%, Roman Catholic 23.3%, traditional/animist 7.8%, Protestant 6.5%, other/no answer 0.2%, none 0.7% (2010 est.)

Demographic profile:
Burkina Faso has a young age structure – the result of declining mortality combined with steady high fertility – and continues to experience rapid population growth, which is putting increasing pressure on the country’s limited arable land. More than 65% of the population is under the age of 25, and the population is growing at 3% annually. Mortality rates, especially those of infants and children, have decreased because of improved health care, hygiene, and sanitation, but women continue to have an average of almost 6 children. Even if fertility were substantially reduced, today’s large cohort entering their reproductive years would sustain high population growth for the foreseeable future. Only about a third of the population is literate and unemployment is widespread, dampening the economic prospects of Burkina Faso’s large working-age population. Migration has traditionally been a way of life for Burkinabe, with seasonal migration being replaced by stints of up to two years abroad. Cote d’Ivoire remains the top destination, although it has experienced periods of internal conflict. Under French colonization, Burkina Faso became a main labor source for agricultural and factory work in Cote d’Ivoire. Burkinabe also migrated to Ghana, Mali, and Senegal for work between the world wars. Burkina Faso attracts migrants from Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, and Mali, who often share common ethnic backgrounds with the Burkinabe. Despite its food shortages and high poverty rate, Burkina Faso has become a destination for refugees in recent years and hosts about 33,500 Malians as of May 2017.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 44.88% (male 4,519,960/female 4,503,937)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 20.07% (male 2,024,501/female 2,012,053)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 29.42% (male 2,999,941/female 2,915,264)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 3.2% (male 284,374/female 359,159)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 2.43% (male 181,996/female 306,324) (2017 est.)

population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 92.2
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 87.6
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 4.6
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 21.6 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 17.3 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 17.1 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 17.4 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 219

Population growth rate:
3% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 8
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
41.2 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
11.2 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 28
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 76
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
the population is concentrated in the central and southern parts of the country; the east, north, and southwest are less populated

Urbanization:
urban population: 31.5% of total population (2017)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 5.29% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
OUAGADOUGOU (capital) 2.741 million (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.77 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Mother's mean age at first birth:
19.4 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010 est.)

Maternal mortality ratio:
371 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 31
[see also: Maternal mortality ratio country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 72.2 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 79.3 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 64.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 7

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 55.9 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 53.8 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 58 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 211
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
5.71 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
25.5% (2016)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 140
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.05 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.4 beds/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 97.5% of population rural: 75.8% of population total: 82.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.5% of population rural: 24.2% of population total: 17.7% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 50.4% of population rural: 6.7% of population total: 19.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 49.6% of population rural: 93.3% of population total: 80.3% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.8% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 51
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
95,000 (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 44
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
3,100 (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 40
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever, malaria, and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
5.6% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 175
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
19.2% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 24
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
3.9% of GDP (2015)
country comparison to the world: 128

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 36%
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 43%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 29.3% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 8 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - total country ranks ]
male: 8 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - male country ranks ]
female: 7 years (2013)


[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - female country ranks ]


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Burkina Faso on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Burkina Faso PEOPLE 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Burkina Faso PEOPLE 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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