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Burma Geography 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Burma Geography 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Location:
Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Bangladesh and Thailand

Geographic coordinates:
22 00 N, 98 00 E

Map references:
Southeast Asia

Area:
total: 676,578 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 653,508 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 23,070 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 41

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Texas
Area comparison map: slightly smaller than Texas

Land boundaries:
total: 6,522 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (5): Bangladesh 271 km, China 2,129 km, India 1,468 km, Laos 238 km, Thailand 2,416 km

Coastline:
1,930 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
[see also: Maritime claims - continental shelf country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon, June to September); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon, December to April)
More Climate Details

Terrain:
central lowlands ringed by steep, rugged highlands

Elevation:
mean elevation: 702 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Andaman Sea/Bay of Bengal 0 m highest point: Gamlang Razi 5,870 m

Natural resources:
petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas, hydropower, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 19.2% arable land 16.5%; permanent crops 2.2%; permanent pasture 0.5%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 48.2%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 32.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
22,950 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
population concentrated along coastal areas and in general proximity to the shores of the Irrawaddy River; the extreme north is relatively underpopulated

Natural hazards:
destructive earthquakes and cyclones; flooding and landslides common during rainy season (June to September); periodic droughts

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; industrial pollution of air, soil, and water; inadequate sanitation and water treatment contribute to disease

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
strategic location near major Indian Ocean shipping lanes; the north-south flowing Irrawaddy River is the country's largest and most important commercial waterway


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Burma on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Burma Geography 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Burma Geography 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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