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Burma Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Burma Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Bangladesh and Thailand

Geographic coordinates:
22 00 N, 98 00 E

Map references:
Southeast Asia

Area:
total: 676,578 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 653,508 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 23,070 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 41

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Texas


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

slightly smaller than Texas

Land boundaries:
total: 6,522 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (5): Bangladesh 271 km, China 2129 km, India 1468 km, Laos 238 km, Thailand 2416 km

Coastline:
1,930 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
[see also: Maritime claims - continental shelf country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon, June to September); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon, December to April)
More Climate Details

Terrain:
central lowlands ringed by steep, rugged highlands

Elevation:
mean elevation: 702 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Andaman Sea/Bay of Bengal
5870 highest point: Gamlang Razi

Natural resources:
petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas, hydropower, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 19.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 16.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 2.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 0.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 48.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 32.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
22,950 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
population concentrated along coastal areas and in general proximity to the shores of the Irrawaddy River; the extreme north is relatively underpopulated

Natural hazards:
destructive earthquakes and cyclones; flooding and landslides common during rainy season (June to September); periodic droughts

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; industrial pollution of air, soil, and water; inadequate sanitation and water treatment contribute to disease; rapid depletion of the country's natural resources

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
strategic location near major Indian Ocean shipping lanes; the north-south flowing Irrawaddy River is the country's largest and most important commercial waterway


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Burma on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Burma Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Burma Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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