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Burundi PEOPLE 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Burundi PEOPLE 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Population:
11,466,756
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 78
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Burundian(s)
adjective: Burundian

Ethnic groups:
Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000

Languages:
Kirundi 29.7% (official), Kirundi and other language 9.1%, French (official) and French and other language 0.3%, Swahili and Swahili and other language 0.2% (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area), English (official) and English and other language 0.06%, more than 2 languages 3.7%, unspecified 56.9%
note: data represent language read and written by people 10 years of age or older; spoken Kirundi is widespread (2008 est.)

Religions:
Roman Catholic 62.1%, Protestant 23.9% (includes Adventist 2.3% and other Protestant 21.6%), Muslim 2.5%, other 3.6%, unspecified 7.9% (2008 est.)

Demographic profile:
Burundi is a densely populated country with a high population growth rate, factors that combined with land scarcity and poverty place a large share of its population at risk of food insecurity. About 90% of the population relies on subsistence agriculture. Subdivision of land to sons, and redistribution to returning refugees, results in smaller, overworked, and less productive plots. Food shortages, poverty, and a lack of clean water contribute to a 60% chronic malnutrition rate among children. A lack of reproductive health services has prevented a significant reduction in Burundi’s maternal mortality and fertility rates, which are both among the world’s highest. With two-thirds of its population under the age of 25 and a birth rate of about 6 children per woman, Burundi’s population will continue to expand rapidly for decades to come, putting additional strain on a poor country. Historically, migration flows into and out of Burundi have consisted overwhelmingly of refugees from violent conflicts. In the last decade, more than a half million Burundian refugees returned home from neighboring countries, mainly Tanzania. Reintegrating the returnees has been problematic due to their prolonged time in exile, land scarcity, poor infrastructure, poverty, and unemployment. Repatriates and existing residents (including internally displaced persons) compete for limited land and other resources. To further complicate matters, international aid organizations reduced their assistance because they no longer classified Burundi as a post-conflict country. Conditions have deteriorated since renewed violence erupted in April 2015, causing another outpouring of refugees. In addition to refugee out-migration, Burundi has hosted thousands of refugees from neighboring countries, mostly from the Democratic Republic of the Congo and lesser numbers from Rwanda.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 45.57% (male 2,628,767/female 2,596,719)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 19.15% (male 1,095,213/female 1,100,314)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 28.74% (male 1,643,319/female 1,651,679)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 3.92% (male 212,074/female 237,324)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 2.63% (male 129,482/female 171,865) (2017 est.)

population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 89.6
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 84.8
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 4.7
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 21.1 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 17 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 16.8 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 17.3 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 223

Population growth rate:
3.25% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 4
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
41.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
8.8 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 69
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 77
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
one of Africa's most densely populated countries; concentrations tend to be in the north and along the northern shore of Lake Tanganyika in the west; most people live on farms near areas of fertile volcanic soil

Urbanization:
urban population: 12.7% of total population (2017)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 5.48% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
BUJUMBURA (capital) 751,000 (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Mother's mean age at first birth:
21.3 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010 est.)

Maternal mortality ratio:
712 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 8
[see also: Maternal mortality ratio country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 58.8 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 65.3 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 52.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 19

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 60.9 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 59.2 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 62.7 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 202
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
5.99 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 4
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
31.7% (2012)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
7.5% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 63
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.8 beds/1,000 population (2014)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 91.1% of population rural: 73.8% of population total: 75.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 8.9% of population rural: 26.2% of population total: 24.1% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 43.8% of population rural: 48.6% of population total: 48% of population
unimproved: urban: 56.2% of population rural: 51.4% of population total: 52% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1.1% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 42
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
84,000 (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 46
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
2,900 (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 42
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
5.4% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 178
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
29.1% (2010)
country comparison to the world: 16
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
5.4% of GDP (2013)
country comparison to the world: 50

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 85.6%
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 88.2%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 83.1% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 11 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - total country ranks ]
male: 11 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - male country ranks ]
female: 10 years (2013)


[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - female country ranks ]


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Burundi on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Burundi PEOPLE 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Burundi PEOPLE 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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