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Cabo Verde Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/cabo_verde/cabo_verde_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Cabo Verde Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Western Africa, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Senegal

Geographic coordinates:
16 00 N, 24 00 W

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 4,033 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 4,033 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 176

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than Rhode Island

Land boundaries:
0 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
965 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate:
temperate; warm, dry summer; precipitation meager and erratic

Terrain:
steep, rugged, rocky, volcanic

Elevation:
mean elevation: NA
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m highest point: Mt. Fogo 2,829 m (a volcano on Fogo Island)

Natural resources:
salt, basalt rock, limestone, kaolin, fish, clay, gypsum

Land use:
agricultural land: 18.6% arable land 11.7%; permanent crops 0.7%; permanent pasture 6.2%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 21%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 60.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
35 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
Among the nine inhabited islands, population distribution is variable. Islands in the east are very dry and are only sparsely settled to exploit their extensive salt deposits. The more southerly islands receive more precipitation and support larger populations, but agriculture and livestock grazing have damaged the soil fertility and vegetation.

Natural hazards:
prolonged droughts; seasonal harmattan wind produces obscuring dust; volcanically and seismically active
volcanism: Fogo (elev. 2,829 m), which last erupted in 1995, is Cabo Verde's only active volcano

Environment - current issues:
soil erosion; deforestation due to demand for firewood; water shortages; desertification; environmental damage has threatened several species of birds and reptiles; illegal beach sand extraction; overfishing

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
strategic location 500 km from west coast of Africa near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site

NOTE: The information regarding Cabo Verde on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cabo Verde Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cabo Verde Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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