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Cameroon Geography 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Cameroon Geography 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Location:
Central Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria

Geographic coordinates:
6 00 N, 12 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 475,440 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 472,710 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 2,730 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 55

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than California

Land boundaries:
total: 5,018 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (6): Central African Republic 901 km, Chad 1,116 km, Republic of the Congo 494 km, Equatorial Guinea 183 km, Gabon 349 km, Nigeria 1,975 km

Coastline:
402 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]

Climate:
varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north
More Climate Details

Terrain:
diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north

Elevation:
mean elevation: 667 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m highest point: Fako on Mont Cameroun 4,045 m

Natural resources:
petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower

Land use:
agricultural land: 20.6% arable land 13.1%; permanent crops 3.3%; permanent pasture 4.2%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 41.7%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 37.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
290 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
population concentrated in the west and north, with the interior of the country sparsely populated

Natural hazards:
volcanic activity with periodic releases of poisonous gases from Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun volcanoes
volcanism: Mt. Cameroon (4,095 m), which last erupted in 2000, is the most frequently active volcano in West Africa; lakes in Oku volcanic field have released fatal levels of gas on occasion, killing some 1,700 people in 1986

Environment - current issues:
waterborne diseases are prevalent; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; poaching; overfishing

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
sometimes referred to as the hinge of Africa because of its central location on the continent and its position at the west-south juncture of the Gulf of Guinea; throughout the country there are areas of thermal springs and indications of current or prior volcanic activity; Mount Cameroon, the highest mountain in Sub-Saharan west Africa, is an active volcano


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Cameroon on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cameroon Geography 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cameroon Geography 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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