Central African Republic Geography 2018, CIA World Factbook
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Central African Republic Geography 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Central African Republic Geography 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Location:
Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo

Geographic coordinates:
7 00 N, 21 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 622,984 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 622,984 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 46

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Texas

Land boundaries:
total: 5,920 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (6): Cameroon 901 km, Chad 1,556 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,747 km, Republic of the Congo 487 km, South Sudan 1,055 km, Sudan 174 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers

Terrain:
vast, flat to rolling plateau; scattered hills in northeast and southwest

Elevation:
mean elevation: 635 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Oubangui River 335 m highest point: Mont Ngaoui 1,410 m

Natural resources:
diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower

Land use:
agricultural land: 8.1% arable land 2.9%; permanent crops 0.1%; permanent pasture 5.1%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 36.2%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 55.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
10 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
majority of residents live in the western and central areas of the country, especially in and around the capital of Bangui

Natural hazards:
hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common

Environment - current issues:
tap water is not potable; poaching has diminished the country's reputation as one of the last great wildlife refuges; desertification; deforestation

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Geography - note:
landlocked; almost the precise center of Africa

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Central African Republic on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Central African Republic Geography 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Central African Republic Geography 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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