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Chad PEOPLE 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/chad/chad_people.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Chad PEOPLE 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Population:
11,852,462 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 77
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Chadian(s)
adjective: Chadian

Ethnic groups:
Sara (Ngambaye/Sara/Madjingaye/Mbaye) 25.9%, Arab 12.6%, Kanembu/Bornu/Buduma 8.3%, Wadai/Maba/Masalit/Mimi 7%, Gorane 6.8%, Masa/Musseye/Musgum 4.7%, Bulala/Medogo/Kuka 3.6%, Bidiyo/Migaama/Kenga/Dangleat 3.6%, Marba/Lele/Mesme 2.9%, Dadjo/Kibet/Muro 2.5%, Mundang 2.5%, Gabri/Kabalaye/Nanchere/Somrai 2.4%, Zaghawa/Bideyat/Kobe 2.3%, Fulani/Fulbe/Bodore 2%, Tupuri/Kera 2%, Tama/Assongori/Mararit 1.6%, Baguirmi/Barma 1.3%, Karo/Zime/Peve 1.3%, Mesmedje/Massalat/Kadjakse 1%, other Chadian ethnicities 2.5%, Chadians of foreign ethnicities 0.6%, foreign nationals 2.5% (Sudanese 2%) (2009 est.)

Languages:
French (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects

Religions:
Muslim 58.4%, Catholic 18.5%, Protestant 16.1%, animist 4%, other 0.5%, none 2.4% (2009 est.)

Demographic profile:
Despite the start of oil production in 2003, 40% of Chad’s population lives below the poverty line. The population will continue to grow rapidly because of the country’s very high fertility rate and large youth cohort – more than 65% of the populace is under the age of 25 – although the mortality rate is high and life expectancy is low. Chad has the world’s third highest maternal mortality rate. Among the primary risk factors are poverty, anemia, rural habitation, high fertility, poor education, and a lack of access to family planning and obstetric care. Impoverished, uneducated adolescents living in rural areas are most affected. To improve women’s reproductive health and reduce fertility, Chad will need to increase women’s educational attainment, job participation, and knowledge of and access to family planning. Only about a quarter of women are literate, less than 5% use contraceptives, and more than 40% undergo genital cutting. More than 300,000 refugees from Sudan and almost 70,000 from the Central African Republic strain Chad’s limited resources and create tensions in host communities. Thousands of new refugees fled to Chad in 2013 to escape worsening violence in the Darfur region of Sudan. The large refugee populations are hesitant to return to their home countries because of continued instability. Chad was relatively stable in 2012 in comparison to other states in the region, but past fighting between government forces and opposition groups and inter-communal violence have left nearly 60,000 of its citizens displaced in the eastern part of the country.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 43.63% (male 2,622,700/female 2,549,035)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 21.18% (male 1,225,731/female 1,285,150)
[see also: Age structure 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 28.31% (male 1,525,208/female 1,830,530)
[see also: Age structure 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 3.87% (male 202,044/female 256,936)
[see also: Age structure 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 3% (male 146,957/female 208,171) (2016 est.)
[see also: Age structure 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 100.7%
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 95.8%
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 4.9%
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 20.3% (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 17.6 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 16.6 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 18.6 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 218

Population growth rate:
1.88% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 56
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
36.1 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 16
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
14 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-3.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 183
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
the population is unevenly distributed due to contrasts in climate and physical geography; the highest density is found in the southwest, particularly around Lake Chad and points south; the dry Saharan zone to the north is the least densely populated

Urbanization:
urban population: 22.5% of total population (2015)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 3.42% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
N'DJAMENA (capital) 1.26 million (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 0.83 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.79 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
17.9
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2014/15 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
856 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 2
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 87 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 92.5 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 81.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 6

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 50.2 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total country ranks ]
male: 49 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 51.5 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 224

Total fertility rate:
4.45 children born/woman (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 26
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
4.8% (2010)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
3.6% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 174
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.04 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 71.8% of population rural: 44.8% of population total: 50.8% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - Improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 28.2% of population rural: 55.2% of population total: 49.2% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - Unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 31.4% of population rural: 6.5% of population total: 12.1% of population
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total Improved country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 68.6% of population rural: 93.5% of population total: 87.9% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total UnImproved country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
2.04% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 24
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
165,600 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 25
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
8,500 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 21
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
6.6% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 177
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
28.8% (2015)
country comparison to the world: 13
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
2.9% of GDP (2013)
country comparison to the world: 160
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write French or Arabic
total population: 40.2%
[see also: Literacy - total country ranks ]
male: 48.5%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 31.9% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 7 years
[see also: School life expectancy - total country ranks ]
male: 9 years
[see also: School life expectancy - male country ranks ]
female: 6 years (2011)
[see also: School life expectancy - female country ranks ]

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 1,475,960
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 48% (2010 est.)


[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - percentage country ranks ]


NOTE: The information regarding Chad on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Chad PEOPLE 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Chad PEOPLE 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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