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Comoros PEOPLE 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/comoros/comoros_people.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Comoros PEOPLE 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Population:
794,678 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 164
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Comoran(s)
adjective: Comoran

Ethnic groups:
Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava

Languages:
Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (official; a blend of Swahili and Arabic) (Comorian)

Religions:
Sunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2%
note: Islam is the state religion

Demographic profile:
Comoros’ population is a m�lange of Arabs, Persians, Indonesians, Africans, and Indians, and the much smaller number of Europeans that settled on the islands between the 8th and 19th centuries, when they served as a regional trade hub. The Arab and Persian influence is most evident in the islands’ overwhelmingly Muslim majority – about 98% of Comorans are Sunni Muslims. The country is densely populated, averaging nearly 350 people per square mile, although this varies widely among the islands, with Anjouan being the most densely populated. Given the large share of land dedicated to agriculture and Comoros’ growing population, habitable land is becoming increasingly crowded. The combination of increasing population pressure on limited land and resources, widespread poverty, and poor job prospects motivates thousands of Comorans each year to attempt to illegally migrate using small fishing boats to the neighboring island of Mayotte, which is a French territory. The majority of legal Comoran migration to France came after Comoros’ independence from France in 1975, with the flow peaking in the mid-1980s. At least 150,000 to 200,000 people of Comoran citizenship or descent live abroad, mainly in France, where they have gone seeking a better quality of life, job opportunities, higher education (Comoros has no universities), advanced health care, and to finance elaborate traditional wedding ceremonies (aada). Remittances from the diaspora are an economic mainstay, in 2013 representing approximately 25% of Comoros’ GDP and significantly more than the value of its exports of goods and services (only 15% of GDP). Grand Comore, Comoros’ most populous island, is both the primary source of emigrants and the main recipient of remittances. Most remittances are spent on private consumption, but this often goes toward luxury goods and the aada and does not contribute to economic development or poverty reduction. Although the majority of the diaspora is now French-born with more distant ties to Comoros, it is unclear whether they will sustain the current level of remittances.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 40.1% (male 158,809/female 159,840)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 19.23% (male 73,947/female 78,831)
[see also: Age structure 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 32.58% (male 122,936/female 135,962)
[see also: Age structure 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 4.21% (male 14,850/female 18,611)
[see also: Age structure 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 3.89% (male 14,321/female 16,571) (2016 est.)
[see also: Age structure 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 75.6%
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 70.7%
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 4.9%
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 20.4% (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 19.6 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 19 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 20.2 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 194

Population growth rate:
1.71% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 67
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
26.9 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 47
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.4 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 117
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-2.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 175
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 28.3% of total population (2015)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 2.67% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
MORONI (capital) 56,000 (2014)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.8 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
24.6
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
335 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 42
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 61.8 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 72.2 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 51 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 19

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 64.2 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total country ranks ]
male: 61.9 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 66.6 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 184

Total fertility rate:
3.47 children born/woman (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 45
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
19.4% (2012)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
6.7% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 153
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
2.2 beds/1,000 population (2006)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 92.6% of population rural: 89.1% of population total: 90.1% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - Improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 7.4% of population rural: 10.9% of population total: 9.9% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - Unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 48.3% of population rural: 30.9% of population total: 35.8% of population
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total Improved country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 51.7% of population rural: 69.1% of population total: 64.2% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total UnImproved country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
5.8% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 164
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
16.9% (2012)
country comparison to the world: 39
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
5.1% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 15
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 77.8%
[see also: Literacy - total country ranks ]
male: 81.8%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 73.7% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 11 years
[see also: School life expectancy - total country ranks ]
male: 11 years
[see also: School life expectancy - male country ranks ]
female: 11 years (2013)


[see also: School life expectancy - female country ranks ]


NOTE: The information regarding Comoros on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Comoros PEOPLE 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Comoros PEOPLE 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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