Because Costa Rica is located between nine to ten degrees north of the Equator, the climate is tropical year round.
However, the country has many microclimates depending on elevation, rainfall, topography, and by the geography of each particular region.
Costa Rica's seasons are defined by how much it rains during a particular period and not to the four seasons in the Northern Hemisphere.
The year can be split into two periods, the dry season known to the residents as summer, and the rainy season, known locally as winter.
The "summer" or dry season goes from December to April, and "winter" or rainy season goes from May to November, which almost coincides with the Atlantic hurricane season, and during this time it rains constantly in some regions.
The location that receives the most rain is the Caribbean slopes of the Central Cordillera mountains, with an annual rainfall of over 5,000 mm (196.9 in).
Humidity is also higher on the Caribbean side than on the Pacific side.
The main annual temperature on the coastal lowlands is around 27 °C (81 °F), 20 °C (68 °F) in the main populated areas of the Central Cordilera, and below 10 °C (50 °F) on the summits of the highest mountains.
NOTE: The information regarding Costa Rica on this page is re-published from Wikipedia and World Meteorological Organization. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cape Verde Climate information contained here.
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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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